The latest version of this document can be found at http://greenmap.mit.edu/pubs/RFCV3/
Comments to the author.
Only a bare bones introduction here so far.
TODO: Create a summary of "Such and such icons were deleted/added/modified." as a table with icons crossed/highlighted, etc?
For reference here are the version 2 definitions (local copy).
icon vs. symbol. SAX
Too much has been crammed into the single dimension of unique pictorial point symbols. There's also size, color, texture, linear and polygonal features, etc. AND the text accompanying the map.
In developing this recommendation for the next set of Green Map symbols a variety of inputs were considered including a survey of icon usage in 60 maps, known local icons, various map-makers' comments, and observations of some maps' recategorization of icons as well as some of the ideas presented in Improving the Cartographic Quality and Design of Greenmaps
Local icons are seen as generally being symptomatic of one of three things: 1) a misunderstanding of the base set of symbols 2) a problem with the base set e.g.; a gap in coverage 3) a map-maker veering of the beaten path. None of these things should be seen as exceptionally negative. Problems of language or hidden assumptions could easily give rise to the first case, and both the first and second are to be expected in an evolving, and as yet, young system.
In order to maintain universal readability local icons should be avoided when a base icon is available to convey the same or very similar type of feature. Creative recasting of an existing icon is always preferred to use of foreign symbols. Substitution of a green map icon with a pre-existing icon in common use for the feature type is acceptable, though still discouraged. For instance, you might use the logo for the local transit system instead of the "Major Public Transportation Station". If you do use a substitute for a base set icon, it is recommended that both the susbtitute and base set icon be included in the map legend to increase readability.There were a few miscellaneous concepts which also played in the evaluation.
Description modification or clarificationIcon: change recommendation (Optional)
DescriptionIcon: Optional icon recommendation
DescriptionReason for removal.
Where the lables are defined as:
31 used : 4 misused : 1 redefined : 5 missing
where unusual or typical forms are apparent. May be exposed rock
layers, glacial till or a chasm view. You could discuss how feature was
Could be a layer on a GIS map.
notable wildlife habitat or natural area which may be rare or especially
beautiful and rich.
May have resources, for example, for turning your
lawn back into a prairie, or for encouraging native animals to flourish.
Map should Include details on the sensitivity of the areas.
shows the topography or waterways of the larger region. Includes plants native to the bio-region. Text can discuss bio-regional boundaries within or near the Green Map. Could be a layer on a GIS map or the whole Green Map could be based on bio-regional boundaries instead of political limits.Merged into Significant habitat.
site that is publicly owned and accessible to all. A wide variety of natural areas can use this symbol. Balance your emphasis of forests with parklands to discourage the over-use of natural areas.
Erosion due to poor land or water management including farming practices and deforestation.Icon: A crumbling cliff?
Alas, this should be all to obvious.Icon: An axe, or better yet an axe stuck in a tree stump
Replanting a damaged or absent forest, erosion control, etc.Icon: A 2 or 3-leafed sprout, sort of like though I'd prefer a stem with a pair of leaves at the base (one on each side) and a single leaf to one side at the top
bamboo of any variety, a forest of any size. A fast growing renewable resource of major benefit.This icon has been removed; it was deemed too specific and of narrow interest/ applicability, particularly given the existence of the more generally useful Public Forest/Natural Area and Significant Habitat symbols. You may also be interested in the Alternative Fibers symbol below, which could easily be used in combination with the Public Forest/Natural Area or Significant Habitat symbols
Renewable (fast growing) fiber sources. From dead tree alternatives such as bamboo, jute, and hemp to organic cotton or sustainably managed forests/ silviculture plantations (tree farms).Icon: "v2 Bamboo Forest" icon
Greenways often follow river or stream beds, ravines or steep hills, and are left in a natural state (more or less). May also be used to indicate a corridor dedicated to safe wildlife passage, or greenbelts (tracts of land set-off limits to deter/confine sprawl).
Gather wild food here, including mushrooms, seaweed, greens, berries and other fruits. Note: Publicizing resources may increase pressure upon them, advise readers to practice moderation to prevent over-harvesting.Icon: Similar to the existing icon, but add 1 or 2 loops/handles to more clearly represent `basket'
!!! Farms that permit gleaning or services that pick up party leftovers for food banks.
a full-size organic farm or small-scale city farm, includes
perma-culture, and free-range livestock. Can be used to
indicate organizations that make the link between urban communities and
nearby farmers through community-supported agriculture--also known as box
or food security resources such as food banks.
Botanical garden, native wildflower society, arboretum, etc.
Icon: Perhaps or but I strongly recommend using the
v2 "Special Garden" icon as it best captures the concept.
often on public or formerly abandoned land, Places where people plant
and grow their own vegetables and flowers in small plots. People also
grow relationships and a close connection to the city. Sometimes fenced
and locked; sometimes threatened by development. Include contact information.
especially nice. Along with a diversity of plants, may have a stage, artwork, solar powered water features, nice seating or other amenities. Publicly accessible and cooperatively run. This Icon can be used to indicate a special garden that, though private, can be easily seen by pedestrians.Merged into "Community Garden"
Incorporation of as many of the following or similar concepts as possible: xeriscaping (drough tolerant design), native plants, bat boxes, birdhouses, butterfly gardens, amphibian habitatIcon: v2 "Significant Habitat" icon
open, natural area within an urban area or in the developed countryside.This is an ill-defined category that overlaps others. If a clearer, distinct, defintion can be created a more intuitve icon than `infinity' is needed.
green space that offers place to relax and play. May include sports fields, running paths, canoe rental, or children's play equipment, along with vegetation and a pond, creek or other water feature. Some parklands may be publicly-owned and free; others might charge admission.
are designed to be pleasant for walking and bicycle riding in hot climates.
A traditional urban gathering place, public open space which may have benches, fountain, etc. Occasionally a public square is located in a garden or park, or indoors in a mall.
exciting design features including public transport stations, plazas, integrated native plantings and street furniture such as kiosks, benches, fountains, or lighting that use materials and energy efficiently, contributing to the streetscape. Can indicate an area planned for ecological soundness.Merged with Green Building
a source for the best materials and supplies for sustainable building, landscape, graphic, product, fashion and other kinds of design. May be an organization for information, or a place to gather natural materials, a store, exchange center or showroom. Simply may be a place where you can draw inspiration from natural systems.
Unfocused and unused, this largely duplicates aspects of other symbols.Icon: v2 "Eco Design/Planning Feature" if kept
Buildings made with responsible materials and
or projects incorporating any of various design philosphies including mixed
use, New Urbanism or co-housing, and often give offer
public tours emphasizing how to reduce negative impacts. May include centers
for energy efficiency and understanding environmental systems for buildings.
Can represent shanty towns or favelas that form in urban areas to house low-income people, or earth-built homes of natural materias such as adobe or straw. This homemade housing often reuses building materials. See also "Environmental Justice" and "Green Building"
Poor urban planning consumes virgin land (greenfields) in city expansion, often at the expense of mobility/commute time in addition to wildlife habitat.Icon: Some sort of expanding city edge?
Prior industrial site (brownfield), which may have been contaminated, has been cleaned up and is ready for natural systems to take over, or to be re-developed. In the US, brownfields (land either contaminated by toxics, or perceived to be) programs are putting remediated industrial lands back to work, often in areas where people need jobs. Can include sites where the cleanup is in progress.
area that is well-located for ecologically-sound regeneration. Might currently be a blight site, paved over or even in use, but has the potential to be a wonderful addition to the community and environment.
Generally, conventional fossil-fueled facilities that provide electricity to the public. You may also include hydro-electric or nuclear, depending upon your feelings regarding them, with this icon. Otherwise see Geothermal, Nuclear Facilities and Waste, Hydro Power, Solar Power, and Wind Power symbols.
Heat pumps, hot water systems, electricity generation.Icon: Geyser?
possible source of radiation leaks and radioactive wastes. May be
destination points for trucks and trains carrying radioactive materials;
military, health and research facilities.
It might be of interest to note
the percentage of electricity that comes from nuclear power plants in
Can be a "tank farm" with several large storage containers,
or a place where oil is pumped and processed.
Where does the energy that
powers your lifestyle come from? What are the hazards associated with
Current or prior mine OR QUARRY; you may wish to indicate what
kind was extracted.
Some cities or structures are built directly on top of mines and quarries.
Mines are notorious hotspots.
Sources of potential soil and ground water contamination;
usually used for oil and gas leaks; for example, a gas station with
leaking underground tanks can be an invisible source of pollution. Home
fuel oil storage tanks can also be a problem source.
municipal solid waste dump where garbage and soil are layered together,
sometimes in a properly lined
landfill (dump) facility with a
methane gas capturing system. When filled, decommissioned landfills are
capped and sometimes landscaped.
site on the government's official priority "clean-up" list, where
applicable, like the USEPA's Superfund list.
Can be used for
other severely polluted sites, even in countries without an official
list. In some countries, these sites must be cleaned up by industry.
An area generally destroyed with toxics and other ugliness by uncaring industry and people. Set and state your criteria.
where motorized traffic is especially heavy, noisy, polluting and dangerous to pedestrians, bicyclers and nearby residents.Merged into "Danger Zone"; it is a natural subset of "Danger Zone" and the icon caused problems for some.
A dangerous area including natural phenomena or man-made hazards such as volcanoes and high-crime areas or animal crossings.
Any kind: big or small hydroelectric, run-of-river, or tidal.Icon: Waterwheel
for human powered boats such as canoes, rowboats or kayaks, or wind powered ones like sailboats. Your map can mention if a permit is needed, or if there are other restrictions.
place where you can watch, walk along and play by the water. Water bodies of all types. Swimming and wading may be possible.
may be on the official protection list. These areas are important habitats and useful for water cleaning. May be natural, reconstructed or artificial. You may include guidelines for viewing sites, which may be on private land.
could be a beautiful fountain, waterfall or natural pond. May simply
celebrate water or
offer a refreshing drink. May be ecologically
designed. e.g; springs, hot springs, water plazas
place where ducks, geese, and other waterfowl gather. In cities, often a good place to watch and feed the birds. In the wild, just enjoy their water ballet.
using plants and aquatic animals to aerate, filter and purify water without adding chemicals, alternative storm water management. There are many kinds of high and low tech water recycling systems in the built environment. e.g; grey water, cisterns, green roofsIcon: Recycle symbol with a drop of water inside the arrows?
may include a specific factory's pollution stream or an inadequate sewage treatment plant. Sometimes, these are "non-point" sources, like where pollutants wash off paved roads or a farm where animal wastes and/or chemical fertilizers drain off the land into drinking water supplies. e.g; golf coursesIcon: Curent icon is too similar to "Toxic Release", use `Cuba''s?
indicates the source for your drinking water. May be used to show reservoirs, and major elements of the water system. Water purity and conservation information. Icon can be used in a line to indicate major underground pipelines.Icon: Clarify by using a drop of water coming out of a faucet, like several projects including `France' and `Cuba'? On the other hand the "Drinking Water Source" / "Wastewater Treatment Facility" pairing is good.
generally, municipal systems for treating wastewater and sewage, some with public information centers or tours.
You can create strict criteria
like the ones in Oakland, California,
or use a softer approach to selecting businesses that practice "green"
policies. Or, you can leave them off and let the community discussion
help determine what to include in the next edition.
Member owned grocery store, vegeterian housing cooperative, locally owned business--this is generally only worth indicating if it's "abnormal" for this kind of thing to be locally owned e.g; community credit unionsIcon: V2 "Green Business/Service" icon
Repair, preferably green repair i.e; of bicycles or refrubishing of appliances. You may want to stress balancing reuse/embedded energy vs. the continued use of a potentially inefficient productIcon: A wrench
has only ecologically-conscious products. Now, you may not agree that 100% of them are truly a big improvement, but the intention, method of production, materials, reductions of impacts in use, store policies and so on, are all going in the right direction.This is really just a matter of degree of "Green/Conserving Products", so use that symbol and add empahsis with color or increasing it's size, etc.
likely to carry a few which carries many eco-products
among many that are conventional. In Calgary, Green Product selection was
based on the following criteria: necessity of product, safety, quality, made
from renewable or recycled materials, responsible packaging, information on
manufacturing practices, options for disposal, whether locally produced and
consideration of overall business practices.
this "light green" category includes somewhat green and socially responsible products and policies, but doesn't offer many things that "go all the way". Look closely at the shop's products, ask questions and decide the right category with your team. Maybe the store has a nature theme, but has too many plastic novelties mixed in. Consider adding your definition with this Icon.Icon: Switch to a more recognizable/official icon.
Something like the Certification Mark of FLO International or Certified Fair Trade logo of Transfair USA. Transfair USA is actually a member of FLO, whom has been working on "the harmonization of process labels." Unfortunately, FLO has adopted "a very strict procedure with (their) logo", that arguably runs counter to the goals of harmonization, and in my initial attempts to secure permission to reproduce it we have been denied the right to do so. On the other hand, we have already received permission to adopt the Transfair graphic, which is currently used in the US and Canada. Also note that the Transfair logo is effectively two-tone, as opposed to the FLO logo's three tones, and while it might need to be simplified—like so —it also seems to convey more meaningful information.
Sells regionally and organically grown produce. Some also sell flowers, hand crafted items, baked goods, wine, wool, even regional cookbooks. Small family farms are kept going and the countryside remains green. Food doesn't have to travel far, so it's nice and fresh. You can experience the changing seasons as each new crop takes its turn showing up at the market, which is often very neighborly.Icon: Solid apple in circle, for consistency with "Organic Produce / Natural Food Shop". Perhaps the apples should be the same size as well? A better symbol still would be a bushel of apples, this most closely matches/ completes the apple-based food symbols.
food is grown without pesticides or synthetic fertilizers, and no chemicals or waxes are added after harvesting. If processed, it is usually prepared in a way to maximize the nutritional value. May also include fair trade practices. Some supermarkets have a few kinds of organic vegetables amidst a large selection of conventionally grown produce. Should this store get the organic food Icon? You have to decide.
the emphasis is on wholesome and healthful, fresh foods e.g; organic or locally grown ingredients, free range or cruelty-free animal products; if any at all i.e. vegan. Many ethnic restaurants easily satisfy these criteria.
where food scraps, leaves and garden trimmings are turned into rich new soil, with the help of worms, containment bins and Mother Nature. Large-scale or demonstration project, information and resources for home and garden composting. May include drop-off site for food scraps, or good place to buy locally produced compost.
second-hand shop, flea market, repair shop or materials exchange. Decide whether all second-hand shops should be included, or only those run by a charity. You can select the top ten, or choose another criterion. Significant reused buildings and other examples of reuse can be included.
drop-off site for materials that can be reprocessed or refilled. Businesses that buy, work with or sell products made from recycled materials. City program information contacts. Can include good examples of places where recycled materials are in use.Icon: Keep the icon. This note is to emphasize that the existing icon is an international standard. In addition many alternate symbols such as the German `Green Dot' have distinctly different meanings.
place to see animals in the wild. Sites may be delicate nesting areas or
so Green Maps should therefore stress
that people must approach with care and understanding. Officially recognized
sites as well as locally-known sites could be accompanied by rules for
viewing, and details on the species you might see.
good area to view insects and bugs as they fly or crawl though life.
Used to indicate prevailing direction of birds' seasonal migrations if regular flight pattern is established. May also be any other good place to watch flocks of birds overhead.
sometimes difficult to pinpoint, but these places have a powerful effect on quality of life. Noise can come from traffic, industrial sources, airports, quarries, heavy equipment, transportation terminals etc.
anything from industrial smokestacks and truck routes to poorly-run composting projects.
A dark vantage point that allows unobstructed views of the heavens ideal for watching auroras, star-gazing, meteors, etc.
favorite place to see what makes the city's environment special. Seek suggestions broadly for these sites.
wonderful spot to relax and enjoy the sunset, most likely outdoors.
sunrise spots can also be marked with this symbol.
wind turbines and windmills harness energy that is generated by the wind on this site. Can be a small system that operates a simple pump or a large electricity generating facility. Can indicate wind power information resources.
Passive heating (e.g; adobe) or cooling, solar panels, etc. Either existing installations, or related information sources and services.
where solid waste is burned at high temperatures, sometimes capturing the embodied energy (waste-to-fuel). The volume is reduced considerably, but in some countries, the resulting ash is considered hazardous waste. Often, toxics are emitted from the smokestacks as air pollution. Can include incinerators at hospitals, crematoriums, large institutions and municipal facilities.
good place to buy, borrow or rent bicycles, work bikes
and other kinds of human-powered vehicles. Organizations and places to
find out about bike safety or advocacy.
This Icon Can also be
used to indicate other kinds of bike-friendly services and sites.
Street or public area that prohibits motor vehicles, and other auto-free areas. Access by vehicles might be allowed part time.Icon: More intuitive/less abstract? Hard to do for a linear symbol. Is there an existing symbology somewhere?
Mountain biking, horseback riding, hiking, etc.
This should help cover a lot of the outdoor activities people keep inventing local icons for.Icon: There is a cartographic symbol for off-road paths.
these paths are usually painted but are on the same street level as car traffic. You can designate a favorite green scenic route of your own.Icon: More intuitive/less abstract? Hard to do for a linear symbol. Is there an existing symbology somewhere?
separated from cars by curb, barricade, etc. On bridges, often shared with pedestrians. Green Maps can be merged with existing bike/trail/ commuting maps or simply mention good places to obtain these other maps.Icon: More intuitive/less abstract? Hard to do for a linear symbol. Is there an existing symbology somewhere? Perhaps bike tire-tracks.
attended parking area, or recommended area with adequate lighting and a bike rack.Icon: This icon can be very hard to distinguish at small sizes...
follow a path around an especially interesting area. Walks can be established or recommended by the Green Map team but should be non-intrusive to sensitive areas. Icon can be used to designate a running path through a natural area.
water-based transport system for passengers and freight. Can be a very refreshing and efficient way to commute and travel. Can include water-taxis, which run on an as-needed basis.
multi-modal transit hub served by more than one kind of public transport system, central station or depot for transit passengers. Often has other services available.Icon: While relatively abstract this icon works relatively well though it should perhaps be revisited. If preserved, versions in other orientations (the eight of a compass rose) might be useful for indicating the direction of service.
subway, bus or trolley stop. Bus stops may be too numerous to map, except in proximity to remote green sites.Icon: While relatively abstract this icon works relatively well though it should perhaps be revisited. If preserved, versions in other orientations (the eight of a compass rose) might be useful for indicating the direction of service.
Trolley stop. Transportation by eco-efficient light rail runs through these areas.
The focus of public-transit symbols should probably be service- capacity/range/speed and not mode. Were one to break things down by mode buses and subways are necessary to round out the list; ferry symbols are OK since many also allow cars, which is a special service indication.Suggested Icons: If kept and other modes added
parking lot for cars (or bikes) with a convenient public transport connection. Sometimes Park & Rides are subsidized or free to encourage drivers not to bring cars into the center of the city.Icon: Use , it contains the basic P with additional context.
Where you can top up an alternative fuel vehicle (including electric). Could be a place to buy or research alternative fuel vehicles and find out more about the true environmental costs of producing fuel.Icon: A gas-pump nozzle with the earth or a leaf, as a drop coming out
Car or ride-sharing programs. !!Icon: v2 "Alternative Vehicle/Fuel Station" icon
your electric vehicle can be re-charged by solar power (or the conventional power grid) while parking here.Merged into "Alternative Vehicle Fueling"
Often, certain populations coincide with unfavorable land uses; which came first is often a chicken-and-egg problem and specific to an individual site. These icons are a simple means of indicating various forms of equity.Icons: Based on Eugene Turner's application of Chernoff faces. Create two sets, one as outlines of faces, and the other as filled in.
place where people consistently gather or post messages to respond to official political actions and decisions. May not all be related directly to environment--can be social, historic or cultural protest point.Icon: Kyoto fist or a banner similar to
service or office that helps individuals or society in general to develop environmentally sound policies and practices. Might include alternative and governmental agencies, grassroots organizations, trade organizations and political parties, non-profit social services, environmental justice and native rights organizations.
might be socially responsible non-profit or educational group, club or advocacy group that contributes to the local environment in important ways.Icon: The current symbol has many pre-existing meanings.
of great importance, generally, to the community. Sites that impart a
sense of place.
Co-housing, natural buildings and schools, or Buildings
with historic, cultural, architectural value could also be included.
edifice, institution, monument or unmarked historical area with special significance to the city's environment and sense of place.How is this unique vs. say Significant Building?!
may refer to indigenous, pioneer or migrated peoples' traditions. Might not be assimilated into prevailing culture. May be resources for learning about or visiting people living in traditional, more ecologically self-sufficient ways.
these contribute to the city's environment and sense of place in many important ways. Non-institutional resources, monuments and places, even temporary events (monthly swap meet, annual eco-fair) may be includedHow is this unique?!!
these are either entirely about nature's interconnections with urban culture, or frequently include the environment in programs and exhibitions. You may opt to limit your selection to those featuring sustainable ways of living, social responsibility or other locally relevant criteria.
can range from intensive programs within a regular school system or university, to places offering one-time environmental workshops and lectures to the public. Could be a hands-on learning center or technical school.Icon:
ecologically oriented artworks, may include earthworks or public art
performance art. Could>/b> be resources for making eco art, information
on events or schools related to environmental art.
place where clubs, meetings and social gatherings involving the whole community are held. May be a formalized community center, or one established though common use.
May include world music venues such as; folk, participatory, ethnic,
improvisation, classical, jazz, as interpreted locally.
A place to listen
to and play music
places to contemplate nature or spiritual pursuit, may be an organized religion's sanctuary or environmental program, or a profoundly beautiful place, even an old cemetery or 'oasis of calm' in a busy area.This is far beyond the scope of an environmental map. It is highly subjective, and onc could argue that most any nature spot qualifies, making this redundant.
alternative medicine source, herbal, homeopathic, eastern, etc. Spas, apothecaries, clinics, health clubs and yoga are possible examples.This is far beyond the scope of an environmental map.
there are ramps, rails and other facilities provided for those in wheelchairs. Use this icon to encourage exploration of nature trails and park areas.
an environmentally-engaging area that is safe and accessible to children.
Our thanks to kids in Calgary, Canada for designing this icon.
an area where people with walking difficulties will enjoy being with nature. May include areas where one can rest as well as walk.
site where an appointment is needed to visit. Sometimes indicates sites with irregular or few open hours, so map users aren't disappointed upon arrival.Icon: A calendar or planner? Page from a desktop page-a-day calendar?
place you can call for resources, references and other eco information. Can be a hotline with recorded messages, or knowledgeable source you can query directly.Icon: v2 "Call First / Appointment Needed" icon
web addresses (or links) to good local information on the internet, or at an info kiosk.
place to visit or write to where you get environmental information of all kinds. They direct you towards sustainable and conserving green sites, services and resources.Icon: Similar to , a leaf with the universal (Roman) i for information imposed
tour that takes place indoors or out, detailing the environmental features at the site and how to protect them. Sometimes these are self-guided, but usually there is a tour leader.
Tours can reasonably be expected to be available at any mapped site if approriate for the venue.Icon: No apple!
designated place where dogs can be taken off their leashes, usually in city parks. Often the only place you can see animals romping and frolicking in dense cities.
Exotic species are often transplanted, and while most tend to behave many spread unchecked by the constraints of their native lands e.g; cane toads in Australia, zebra mussles in the Great Lakes, or caulerpa taxifolia in the MediterraneanIcon: The head of an alien?
where large quantities of toxic chemicals are stored in an approved manner, prior to industrial or other use. Often reported to the government, where records can be obtained. In some countries, this information is available on the web, current and up to date.
may be old or recent. Sometimes, the spilled oil comes from an "accident" but it can also be a chronic problem along oil pipelines that feed the electricity grid and re-fueling areas at airports. Also includes pipeline leaks, gas station spillage and improper disposal of motor oil.Merged with "Toxic Releases"
may represent an acute one-time event, or a chronic problem at an industrial or infrastructure site. May be from a neighborhood dry cleaner or coal-burning school furnace not generally recognized as a problem. In some countries, this information is available on the web.Icon: Too similar to water pollution, perhaps `Cuba''s icon or the v2 "Oil Spill" icon
often industrial or infrastructure-related sources of waste
that need special handling and disposal. You can elect to show those on
a governmental list.
Calgary points out that it is difficult to define
limits to criteria. Could be broad range - e.g; dry cleaners,
hospitals, universities, military sites, photo labs, etc.
place that collects, transports and recycles hazardous materials, including industrial chemicals and household hazardous wastes such as pesticides, oil paints, batteries, some cleaning supplies, etc.
where refuse is transferred from one kind of transportation to another, for more efficient movement to landfill, recycling processor or other resource/waste facility. Some transfer stations offer places to exchange useful items, separate recyclables or dispose of household toxics.
illegal, improperly lined and maintained place where garbage is dumped. Older dumps can be a source of hazardous drainage.
for example, hydrogen mines, biomass generation, or an industrial ecology park, research, related agencies and perhaps funding sources. Technology focused on zero emissions and sustainability.
places where natural methods of recovery such as plants, animals, reconstructed wetlands and moving water are used to clean up contaminated or polluted waterways. A growing number of techniques are being used in cities to use natural systems to purify tainted areas.
may be in a city park, school or stand by itself. Comes in all sizes and may be concerned with a single issue or provide an overview. Of interest to adults and/or children.
Sites of special interest to visitors, or people who want to engage in hometown eco-tourism. May include green hotels or other ecologically sensitive accommodations, eco-efficient ways to get in and out of the city and other sustainable practices for visitors.
center for natural sciences, environmental studies and related sciences and technologies. May be indoors or out.
Major monitoring station of tide, flood, or weather or public display of the level of pollutants present in the air or water.Icon: A thermometer
Most of these are just (media) specific "Significant Habitat", though "Amphibians" and "Pollinators" are especially important.
places along the water's edge where wildlife congregates. Wildlife of any kind may be in or above the water, on the shore or on adjacent land.
includes fresh and salt water ecosystems, and the many kinds of wildlife that flourish in the water.
area that is a good viewing site for frogs, newts and other amphibious creatures, which are indicators of a pond or wetland's health status.
PollinatorsUndersung, and sought by Fairfield County, CT, US
where injured or orphaned wild animals are nursed back to health before they are returned to the wild. Volunteers are often needed to help care for and inform the public about the wildlife.
place to see animals collected and cared for by humans. Animals may not be indigenous; they may come from the wild or may have been born in the zoo. Some zoos have habitats for breeding endangered species, and other biodiversity programs. May be small "petting" zoo for children or large scale wildlife park.
some cities have gardens with chickens and rabbits, urban farms or even a barn for police horses. Calgary suggests: consider how the animals are kept and treated, as well as what they are used for, before you put them on the map.
tree that has historical importance, or is especially beautiful, large, old or rare. May be old growth, virgin (never cut by humans), ancient, sacred or medicinal trees or native plants. Could be indoors.
are especially beautiful and bountiful in this area.
are especially beautiful and bountiful in this area.
may be used to indicate prevailing direction, waterfalls or dramatic water, perhaps difficult currents for canoeists/kayakers. Can be used in areas with micro-climate, too.
place where nature is still really natural, or information sources on how to experience the wilderness while protecting it.
areas set aside for sleeping outdoors, using tents or other camping equipment. Care is to be taken not to destroy the surrounding habitat in wilderness areas.
place where you can have a great time building snowmen, skating, cross-country skiing, sledding etc., without damaging the environment. Can indicate snowy landscapes that are especially beautiful. Not for use where clearcutting of forests for ski resorts or snowmobiles have caused destruction.
place where Green Maps can be found, if known. This Icon can be added to an internet Map after publication. It brings extra attention and visits to the site, but may require mapping locations that do not fit in with 'green' criteria. Icon can indicate a large kiosk or display of the Green Map.
can be used to note sites that are extremely important, or have supported your efforts to create your Green Map--either financially, or with information or other assistance.